Practice FRQ Example - Discussed In Class
Hints for Writing AP Free Response Questions
- Read the FRQ "3" times slowly.
- Write in complete sentences; meaning NO one word responses.
- Answer the FRQ you know the best FIRST then go and answer the other two.
- Keep an eye on the clock. You have 75 minutes to complete all three FRQs. (approx. 25 minutes per FRQ).
- Try to answer all parts to each question thoroughly.
- Write in your best handwriting, MUST be in pen.
- Write as if the reader knows NOTHING about the subject. EXPLAIN, EXPLAIN, EXPLAIN.
- More writing is better than less; however, make sure you state what you know as true FIRST then write what you think. (You might be able to pick up some extra points that way)
- DO NOT abbreviate. For example: CBR (Crude Birth Rate) - make sure you write everything out!
- Do not draw in the booklet (comics, inappropriate pictures, a smiley face, nothing!).
- You need to be able to explain what a "centrifugal force" is. NEVER just write "centrifugal force" - explain it!
- Use examples from your textbook or lecture first. They are the safest.
- USE GEOGRAPHIC TERMS WHEREVER POSSIBLE! VOCABULARY IS KEY TO SUCCESS!
- Outline each FRQ. You may be able to pick up extra points from your outline.
Know your models! Those are the favorite FRQ topics.
DO NOT use abusive language or racial slurs.
Re-read your responses.
Know the difference between, "Identify", "Describe", "Explain", "Discuss", "Define", "Compare", "Contrast", and "Analyze".
How to "KNOW" the difference
- List/Identify: a task that requires no more than a simple enumeration of some factors or characteristics. Does not require any casual explanation.
- Define: provide a meaning for a word or concept. Examples may help to demonstrate understanding of the definition.
- Describe: a depiction or portrayal of a phenomenon or its most significant characteristics. Most often are "what" type questions.
- Discuss: requires the students to explore relationships between different concepts or phenomena. Identifying, describing, and explaining could be required tasks involved in writing a satisfactory discussion.
- Explain: exploration of possible causal relationships. When providing explanations, students should identify and discuss logical connections or causal patterns that exists between or among various geographic phenomena.
- Compare/Contrast: requires students to make specific links between two or more concepts.
- Evaluate/Asses: considering how well something meets a certain standard and as such generally requires a thesis. It is important to identify the criteria used in the evaluation. If no criteria are explicitly given in the question, student should take care to clearly identify the ones that they choose to employ. Specific examples may be applied to the criteria to support the student's thesis. Evaluation or assessment requires explicit connections between the thesis or argument and the supporting evidence.
- Analyze: requires separating a phenomenon into its component parts or characteristics as a way of understanding the whole. An analysis should yield explicit conclusions that are explained or supported by specific evidence or well-reasoned arguments.